The Lifestyle – An Ideal For Health and Fitness
The term ‘Lifestyl’, is a very general term, used to describe any human habit. In its most common use, the term refers to the interest in and enjoyment of the experience of living. The word was first introduced by Austrian psychiatrist Alfred Adler in his widely-read book, The Case of Miss R. In it, the term was defined with the phrase, “the primary function of a human being is to experience the positive aspects of life”. This definition is the most commonly used one, and in this form has been the source of much of the confusion and debate between the psychological schools for many years.
When it comes to describing modern lifestyles, there are three broad approaches to the discipline. The first and most influential of these is known as structuralism, which postulates that our current understanding of lifestyles is a product of the changes that took place in the social and political environment during the period of history that we are presently studying. According to this school of thought, there are three basic dimensions upon which modern lifestyles can be measured: the role of the individual within the society, the role of the culture in the individual’s life, and the extent of interaction between the individual and the social and cultural environment. By taking each of these dimensions into consideration, it is hoped that a better understanding of modern lifestyle can be achieved. In terms of the third dimension, however, several schools of thought have disagreed, principally because it appears to make little sense to focus on individual lifestyles when there are so many different types of communities and groups within which we live.
Structuralism is also associated with the philosophy of fashion and attitude, with the view that what men and women like is determined by the kinds of clothing they wear and the symbols they sport. On the other hand, the most influential philosopher of fashion, Adorno, saw human life as having three different values, one of which was necessity, the necessity to which human beings have striven in earlier periods. In his concept of ‘alienation’, he believed that we are deeply influenced by the cultures of the societies in which we grow up. For Adorno, one of the major problems of modern life is its loss of grounding and identity, its tendency to give form to the everyday world and its failure to satisfy the need for meaningful connections. By relating the different elements of a given culture to this need for connection, the concept of LIFESTYLE came to be understood.
LIFESTYLE is closely identified with the work of two French philosophers, Jean Sibelius and Michel De La Boetto. Though they are both highly regarded as historians and social critics, each of them produced works which heavily involved the philosophy of LIFESTYLE. In particular, Sibelius argued that humanity has lost sight of its original purpose by participating in mass culture, a trend which he described as the decline of the nation-state. De La Boetto, on the other hand, pointed out the cultural and social importance of the family. The need for a united Europe led him to insist that the family should become the basic unit of society, with each member playing a decisive role. The work of these two philosophers sparked off the development of the concept of LIFESTYLE, which became a major point of reference for the thinking of the art and literature of the late twentieth century.
Estilo de Socracy and Michel De La Boetto’s concept of LIFESTYLE paved the way for further elaboration of the concept by European philosophers such as Leo Tolstoy, Jean Piaget, and Jean Philippe Mieder. It was through their writing that the concept of LIFESTYLE spread across Europe, eventually reaching the hearts and minds of a wide range of people who were interested in finding an ideal lifestyle. Today, the term Lifestyle has various translations and is used to describe a number of alternative lifestyles, including but not limited to vegetarianism, veganism, eco-veganism, human organically farming, and other similar lifestyle choices. Many religious groups also use the term Lifestyle when referring to their ethical theories and practices. The movement to find a “clean” lifestyle and a healthy lifestyle has sometimes resulted in arguments between proponents of clean living and those who adhere to the more traditional ways of living.
Today, the idea of the Lifestyle is much discussed, especially in Europe, where it is considered to be against the prevalent trends. In the United States, however, the term Lifestyle remains largely untapped. The reason for this may be that it is a foreign concept to most Americans and many would not even know what the word Lifestyle means. The fact is that the concept of a Lifestyle could encompass a great number of ideas and lifestyles, which makes the term rather vague and difficult to define.